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Thanks for taking the time to read the Grangetto's Garden Gazette. If at any time there is a topic that you would like to see in the next newsletter or you have a gardening tip you would like to share, please feel free to email us.
of the Month:
"I know I am but summer to your heart, and not the
full four seasons of the year."
— Edna St. Vincent Millay
Remembering a Great Man: Ed Grangetto, Sr.
Ed Grangetto, Sr. passed away on April 26, 2007 in Escondido at age 93.
Ed Sr. founded Grangetto's Farm and Garden Supply Company, taking it from
a small warehouse on Washington Avenue in Escondido, to a successful agricultural
business with four locations in North County. The family patriarch was
born in Duncan, Arizona on November 25, 1913. Edward was the youngest
of four children of immigrants from Northern Italy.
In 1917, the family moved to San Marcos, where they farmed the land, raising grapes and other produce. After attending elementary school in the area, Ed Sr. attended Escondido High School and studied horticulture at UC Davis, where he graduated in 1938.
After graduation, he returned to help his mother with the San Marcos ranch, working at times at several jobs to help save the ranch in those harsh economic times. Then, in 1940, he married Oceanside native Josie Ann Dunn, with whom he had three children. During World War II, Ed Sr. enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army Air Corps, which later became the U.S. Air Force.
In 1952, Grangetto started the business by supplying crop oils and fertilizers to the growing North County agricultural community. Meanwhile he was still doing tractor work, taking care of his own grove and doing spraying work. The company recently celebrated 55 years in business.
Ed Grangetto Sr. served on the first San Marcos City Council. He was also honored as the San Diego County Farm Bureau's Farmer of the Year in 2001 and served as an officer of the Escondido Lemon Association and the Calavo Growers of California, and director of the Production Credit Association.
In retirement, he also enjoyed fishing, raising avocados and citrus, and traveling.
He will be missed by family, friends and a community he served for 93 years.
Manager's Corner - June 2007
String Trimmer Tips
As spring rolls into summer most of us will be spending
some quality time with our string trimmers clearing overgrown
weeds. Here are a few tips to help you increase your machine’s
longevity and productivity.
- Fuel: Today’s high RPM, low emission
engines require a higher quality fuel than the engines of a decade
ago; you should always use 89 octane or higher. Always measure
the quantity of fuel that goes into your mix; don’t just
fill the can. A 1 gallon can will hold as much as 1 ½ gallons,
significantly altering your fuel oil ratio.
- Oil: Always use a high quality 2 cycle mix,
preferably a name brand (Echo, Stihl, etc) that is designed for
the mix ratio of your machine (generally either 40:1 or 50:1).
At the high temperatures that newer engines run, the less expensive
“multi mix” 2 cycle oil will burn too quickly, leaving
your engine without lubrication.
- Overheating: String Trimmers are air-cooled,
which means that having the engine turn at the correct RPM is
critical. Check air and fuel filters regularly; a partially plugged
filter can cause a loss of RPM’s. Use the correct line size
for your trimmer; most heavy duty models will take .095”
or.105” maximum, lighter duty models can require even smaller
line. Using too large a line size will overwork your engine. Slow
down! Pushing the machine into tall weeds can “bog”
down the engine. Don’t run the bump head on the ground;
this causes extra drag on the engine (and wears out the bump head).
If you wish to get extra close to the ground, pick the head straight
up and tilt it to the side, allowing only the trimmer line to
contact the ground.
Fresh Fuel: Most good quality 2-cycle oils contain
a fuel stabilizer; still it is good practice to never keep fuel
for more than 6 months. Another good practice is to empty the
fuel tank on your sting trimmer, start it, and run it dry if you
are not planning on using it for several weeks. This prevents
the fuel from “turning” and gumming up the carburetor.
If you follow these tips, the “life”
of your machine should be long and productive.
Ants are among the most prevalent pests in households. They are also
found in restaurants, hospitals, offices, warehouses, and other buildings
where they can find food and water. On outdoor (and sometimes indoor)
plants, ants protect and care for honeydew-producing
insects such as aphids, soft scales, whiteflies, and mealybugs,
increasing damage from these pests. Ants also perform many useful functions
in the environment, such as feeding on other pests (e.g., fleas, caterpillars,
termites), dead insects, and decomposing tissue from dead animals.
To read more:
Key to identifying
common household ants
to read more about AntPro.
on the Move!
The California Department of Food and Agriculture and
the U.S. Department of Agriculture have confirmed the detection of a single
adult light brown apple moth in Napa. Agricultural officials have established
a quarantine of approximately 182 square miles, including portions of
Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, Marin and Santa Clara counties.
The quarantine is expected to expand soon due to more recent detections
in Monterey, Santa Cruz and San Mateo counties.
The get the latest information on this pest go to http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/pdep/lbam_main.htm.
Picture provided by Michael
Plant warm-season lawns and tall fescue this month. St. Augustine, Bermuda, and dichondra get off to a fast start when planted in May. (Hold off until June to plant zoysia). Salt-tolerant Adalayd grass can also be planted this month. It's too late to plant most cool-season grasses from seed, but tall fescues can be planted from sod. (Note that tall fescues use much more water than Bermuda or zoysia.)
Lawns can be planted in several ways: sown from seeds, plugged in from flats, or rolled out from sod like an instant carpet. Bermuda, zoysia, and Adalayd can also be planted from stolons. Whichever method you use, be sure to prepare the ground properly. Before beginning, decide whether to plant a warm- or cool-season lawn and choose a variety appropriate for your lawn needs.
Select the best variety for you. When you research grass types be sure to consult
with successful neighborhood gardeners and the University of California
Cooperative Extension Office. Consider these factors: St. Augustine is
better adapted to shade than other lawn grasses but needs a lot of water.
Dichondra is best used as a design element in small areas only. If you
live close to a Bermuda golf course it will seed itself eventually into
any cool-season lawn, making it look ratty. To minimize this, plant a
hybrid or selected strain of Bermuda for your own lawn in the first place.
As mentioned before, don't plant such troublemakers as bentgrass or Kentucky
bluegrass--they'll die in the first drought. Common Bermuda and Santa
Ana hybrid Bermuda grass are the two most drought-resistant choices.
Fertilize lawns. Continue to feed warm-season grasses with Best
Super Turf 25-5-5. This slow release nitrogen will give continuous
feeding for up to twelve weeks.
As we begin summer, it's a bit early to think about Halloween parties. But to be successful growing Halloween pumpkins, you need to plant NOW. The giant prize winning 500 pound monsters are usually started in late May. However, the normal run of the mill 3 to 30 pound beauties will do great at this time. You may also choose from hybrids grown for unusual colors such as white or pink.
You might want to consider those that are particularly tasty for pies or edible seeds. The petite ones are great for decorations for Halloween and Thanksgiving.
With all varieties, it is best to plant 3 to 5 seeds in a mound.
Space the mounds 2' to 3' apart. The small-fruited varieties will grow
well on a fence or trellis. The larger varieties need ground space. Keep
evenly moist and feed every 2 weeks. As the plants grow, you can turn
the runners back toward the stem to reduce the space requirement. As the
pumpkin matures, place straw or cardboard under the fruit to help prevent
rot and insect damage. Pick when the stems start to dry. Be sure to leave
a 3" or longer stem for that perfect jack-o'-lantern top.
Insect Profile: Eugenia Psyllid
By Tamara Galbraith
As its common name suggests, the eugenia psyllid, (Trioza eugeniae) attacks eugenia, aka Australian bush cherry, a common ornamental tree or shrub in California.
Throughout the year, the female psyllid lays her gold-colored eggs into the edges of the eugenia leaves. The emerging nymphs later feed on the plant's new growth, leaving unsightly pimple-like galls within the leaves and sticky honeydew as they chew their way through. As you can well imagine, the host plant becomes distorted and weakened from the damage. Complete defoliation can occur in really bad infestations.
Now, for a bit of history: The psyllid was first discovered in L. A. County in 1988 and quickly spread to other parts of California, both North and South (but not, apparently, to the Central Valley). In the early '90s, facing a quickly escalating eugenia psyllid problem, scientists got to work on finding a solution. As if the nasty honeydew and physical damage being done to the plants wasn't enough, there was no known natural enemy of the little beasts at the time.
Enter Tamarixia, a parasitic wasp with a taste for eugenia psyllid nymphs.
releases of the wasp in Southern California have shown great results.
In North California, however, experts recommend well-timed pruning of
affected eugenias in the spring, with the trimmings left on the ground
for a couple of weeks to allow the Tamarixia to do their thing. By following
this method, you are essentially taking food out of the psyllid's mouth.
As for identification, adult eugenia psyllids are mostly dark brown with
a white band around the abdomen. A yellow sticky-trap hung by your plants
is a good way to capture suspected pests and see what you're dealing with.
Be careful about spraying anything, though, as you could also end up killing
the Tamarixia. Remember, the least toxic method is always best.
REUSABLE, UV PROTECTED
Click on the features for more information.
Acting on the laws of nature, the EarthBox facilitates the movement of
nutrients from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration.
When the EarthBox is set up, the fertilizer stripe is placed on top of
the potting mix--creating an area of high nutrient concentration. At this
time, the potting mix around the roots of the growing plant has no fertilizer.
When water is added, the moist potting mix slowly conducts the diluted
nutrients down the concentration gradient to the plant roots, which absorb
optimal amounts of nutrients at any given time.
Water and Fertilizer Conservation
The EarthBox's plastic cover drastically reduces the water evaporation
rate and returns condensed water vapor to the potting mix. As the plants
draw water from the reservoir, they consume only what they need to stay
healthy. Plants cannot be over-watered or under-watered if the reservoir
is kept full. The plastic cover also prevents fertilizer from being diluted
or washed away by rain.
- Years of research have yielded the optimal number and arrangement
of each type of vegetable, fruit, herb or flower for healthy growing.
- Casters enable home gardeners to (1) move the EarthBox outside during
the day and inside at night - extending the growing season by planting
earlier and harvesting later and (2) move the EarthBox ® around
the patio or deck to increase or decrease the amount of time spent in
- Plastic inhibits the growth of disease-causing mold, as well as the
invasion of plant-eating pests.
Visit your local Grangetto's retailer to see a
here to print these coupons.
By Tamara Galbraith
Looking to add a bit of tall, tropical flavor to your landscape? Consider cannas.
These willowy beauties will add both height and drama to your garden. The reds, yellows, oranges and pinks of the floppy flowers are occasionally rivaled by startlingly gorgeous banana-like foliage that comes in wild stripes, deep burgundies or creamy variations.
Feel free to plant cannas in the ground or in a large container, as they do well in either culture. (There are also aquatic cannas that, as the name suggests, prefer boggy pond conditions.)
No matter what type of canna you favor, moisture is a big factor, as is soil
fertility. Keep them well-watered. If they're planted in the ground, feed
monthly with a 5-10-5 fertilizer. If you're keeping your cannas in pots,
use a the same fertilizer at about half-strength and feed weekly.
Sun and heat are also must-haves for cannas - remember, these are tropical plants, so the more you can create a Florida-like atmosphere, the better.
In our area you won't have to remove your canna bulbs from the ground each season. In fact, if you do plant the bulbs in the ground and leave them, prepare to watch them spread all over the place!
Given the right conditions, cannas provide tall, supermodel looks - gorgeous hot colors on tall, curvy foliage - with only a fraction of the high-maintenance attitude.
Tomato hornworms are the larvae of a large sphinx moth that is about the size of a hummingbird. In spring the moth lays eggs on the underside of tomato leaves, and the hornworm is quite small when it first emerges. However, they are big eaters (of tomato leaves) and grow up quickly. Usually, you won’t even discover this fellow until it is large–about 2 inches long and fat! They are quite distinctive, actually handsome with their diagonal white stripes and horns on the rear.
Don’t be afraid of the hornworms. They look more frightening than they are. They don’t bite or sting, just try to look big and ferocious. You can easily handpick to remove from your tomato plant and just throw them away. When they are younger, smaller, use Bt (bacillus thuringiensis) as an effective management technique.
gardeners have a different approach to the tomato hornworm. While handpicking
a hornworm, look to see if you find little white cocoons attached to its
back. If you do see this, that cocoon is a pupating braconid wasp, which
is a garden friend predator. Capture the hornworm and keep it or all of
them in a container, feeding them tomato leaves. You are creating a nursery
for the braconid wasps that can be released into your garden! These wasps
will also control the hornworm population.
Other natural predators are birds and the larvae of the green lacewing. Plant your gardens to create an inviting habitat for all of these natural predators, and you’ll control this voracious eater of your tomato leaves. Luckily, they don’t eat the tomato!
- Continue to plant melons
- Plant tropical and subtropical plants
- Plant bougainvilleas
- Plant perennial morning glories
- Purchase fuchsias
- Continue to purchase epiphyllums
- Plant seeds of heat-loving annuals
- Use bedding plants for quick color
- Continue to plant summer vegetables
- Plant zoysia grass
- Plant exotic vegetables
- Purchase, plant and transplant succulents including cacti and euphorbias
- Purchase alstromerias throughout summer while they are in bloom
- Plant papayas and bananas
- Plant and transplant palms
- Continue to pick and deadhead roses
- Pinch back chrysanthemums to make them bushy
- Divide and repot cymbidiums that have outgrown their containers
- Remove berries (seed pods) from fuchsias after flowers fall
- Prune epiphyllums
- Thin out deciduous fruit trees after June drop
- Give marguerites a "butch" haircut
- Cut back gamolepis and euryops
- Deadhead and pick summer flowers to keep them going
- Mow cool-season lawns longer
- Mow warm-season grasses short
- Clip runners off strawberries
- Prune climbing roses that bloom once a year in spring, but wait until flowers fade
- Divide English primroses after bloom or wait until September
- Continue to prune and train espaliers
- Continue to remove spent bloom stems from daylilies and to propagate the types that make proliferates
- Deadhead alstromerias often by pulling off the stalks with a sharp tug
- Look for yellow leaves and green veins indicating chlorosis in citrus, gardenias, azaleas, and others; treat it with chelated iron
- Feed citrus and avocado trees
- Feed bamboo with a slow-release fertilizer
- Feed water lilies
- Fertilize cymbidiums with high nitrogen for growth
- Give camellias their second feeding for the year
- Feed container-grown annuals and perennials with a complete fertilizer
- Side-dress vegetable rows if you didn't do it last month
- Give strawberries a shot of 0-10-10 to elongate the harvest
- If peppers look yellow despite adequate nitrogen, spray them with Epsom salts
Grangetto's Horticultural Seminar & Trade Show
Grangetto's Store Clinics
Click any of the clinic titles to view details
Fallbrook Store helps out the Fallbrook Community
More than 5,440 members and volunteers of North Coast
Church said they were “leaving the building” on April 28 and
29 for a weekend of community service. They weren’t kidding. Dispatched
to 92 service projects at 54 sites throughout six communities in North
San Diego County, this dynamic group of Christians showed just what volunteerism
“We had well over 500 volunteers working on Fallbrook
projects,” said Larry Van Laar, pastor of North Coast’s Fallbrook
campus. “This is the largest single weekend event we have ever done,
but it pales in comparison to what we do throughout the year.” The
balance of the volunteers was spread amongst projects in Carlsbad, Escondido,
San Marcos, Oceanside and Vista.
The selected projects were nominated by members of the
community after seeing advertisements the church ran in the Fallbrook/Bonsall
Village News and other media.
“Forty-seven projects were nominated and we were
able to accept seven in Fallbrook,” Van Laar said. One of the seven
projects was a significant renovation and enhancement of the REINS Therapeutic
Horsemanship Program facility on South Mission Road.
At REINS, the North Coast Church volunteers painted the
entire exterior of one of the caretaker’s homes, rebuilt the inside
of one building, installed a new ceiling and constructed a new bathroom
area with vanity and shower.
“We also rebuilt a tack shed, rebuilt a shade cover
for horses and repainted and replaced fencing for all the corrals,”
Van Laar confirmed. “We planted thousands of plants and did other
landscaping work, redid irrigation, removed trees, installed new topsoil
and rock surfaces and removed trash.”
“The REINS director
was absolutely blown away and almost in tears," Van Laar said. "We
were providing stuff they would have never been able to accomplish. If
someone were to pay for everything we did there, it would have come to
about $80,000. With all help and donations, we did it for about $3,500.”
Other projects included four mini home makeovers –
one was for a military family, one for a volunteer fireman, one for a
single mom and the last one for a community volunteer. In addition, the
group performed numerous tasks at the Mentoring Associates facility on
Alturas Road and the Fallbrook Food Pantry on South Mission Road. They
also offered a car wash and barbecue near Fallbrook High School that provided
free car washes, hot dogs and hamburgers to some 200 people.
While North Coast’s weekend of service was a phenomenal
effort, as Van Laar indicated, this church has a consistent history of
“Throughout the year we do renovation and landscaping
projects at local public schools, community centers and homeless shelters,”
he said. “We have 12 ‘growth groups’ in Fallbrook and
each group is required to do at least one service project each quarter
throughout the year; that’s 36 projects a year. We let them dive
in where their hearts lead them.”
The size and scope of the seven projects performed in
Fallbrook on one weekend alone was daunting, but these volunteers came
through in a big way.
“We got everything accomplished that we set out
to do, and then some,” said Van Laar. “Not only did people
show up to work but many went out, bought stuff that was needed and installed
it. People were out there to serve their Lord, not just do a good deed.”
“We are excited that as a body of believers, young
and old alike, we can make a huge impact on our community,” said
Casey Yorman, community service pastor. “[We want] the community
and our entire congregation to understand that serving in God’s
name is an important part of what it means to worship God. We also think
it’s the most powerful way to teach our congregation that worship
is not just about gathering together to sing songs and study the Bible.”
Fallbrook sponsors for the projects included Pine
Tree Lumber, Grangetto’s Farm & Garden Supply, Fallbrook Equipment
Rental, Joe’s Hardware, Nixon Electric, Dunn-Edwards Paint, Davey
Tree Service, EDCO/Waste Management and Arc Technologies.
Editor’s Note: The Fallbrook branch of North Coast
Church meets every Sunday at the Bob Burton Performing Arts Center on
the Fallbrook High School campus.
Recipe of the Month:
Peanut Butter Oat Bars
What You'll Need:
- 2/3 cup butter or margarine, melted
- 1/4 cup peanut butter
- 1 cup packed brown sugar
- 1/4 cup light corn syrup
- 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract
- 4 cups quick-cooking oats
- 1 cup milk chocolate chips
- 1/2 cup butterscotch chips
- 1/3 cup peanut butter
Step by Step:
In a mixing bowl, combine the butter, peanut butter, brown sugar, corn syrup and vanilla; gradually add the oats.
Press into a greased 13 x 9 x 2-inch baking pan.
Bake at 400ºF for 12-14 minutes or until edges are brown.
Cool on a wire rack for 5 minutes.
Meanwhile, for topping, melt all chips and peanut butter in a microwave or saucepan.
Stir until blended; spread over warm bar mixture.
Cool completely; refrigerate for 2-3 hours before cutting.
Yield: 4 dozen bars
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'See you next month!'