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Edition 7.23
EXTRA, EXTRA, READ ALL ABOUT IT!
June 2007

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Avocados
So You Want to Grow Avocados
By Dick Beckstead

Mr. G's
"Tip of the Month!"
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June

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Fertilize flowers, vegetables, trees and shrubs with Miracle-Gro Nursery Select 20-20-20. This is an all purpose water soluble fertilizer. Also, fertilize lawns with Best Super Turf 25-5-5; gives 12 weeks of continuous slow release feeding.

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Fertilizers: Turf Supreme
Best Super Turf 25-5-5
Miracle-Gro Nursery Select
Dr. Earth

Seed:
Grangettos Grass Seed

Soil Amendments: Gardner and Bloome Planting Mix
John and Bob's Soil Optimizer
Worm Gold Plus
Fertilizer Spreaders: Scotts Handheld Spreader Scotts Lawn Pro Spreader
Landscape/Garden Tools: Hula Ho
Corona Anvil
Corona Bypass Pruner
Corona  Lopper
Ames Shovel
Flexogen
Mulches: Kellogg Soil Building Compost
kellogg gromulch

Pest Control: Black Hole Trap
Amdro Ant Block
Wilco Gopher Getter

Plant Pest Control : Green Light Horticultural Oil Bayer Tree and Shrub Granules
Ortho Bug-geta
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Greenlight Spinosad
Bayer Complete Granules
B.T. Caterpillar Killer
Weed and Crabgrass Control:
Roundup Pro
Roundup Pro RTU
Roundup Quick Pro
Bayer All-in-One Weed Killer for Lawns


THANK YOU!

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Thanks for taking the time to read the Grangetto's Garden Gazette. If at any time there is a topic that you would like to see in the next newsletter or you have a gardening tip you would like to share, please feel free to email us.



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Quotation of the Month:

"I know I am but summer to your heart, and not the full four seasons of the year."
— Edna St. Vincent Millay

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Remembering a Great Man: Ed Grangetto, Sr.

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Ed Grangetto, Sr. passed away on April 26, 2007 in Escondido at age 93. Ed Sr. founded Grangetto's Farm and Garden Supply Company, taking it from a small warehouse on Washington Avenue in Escondido, to a successful agricultural business with four locations in North County. The family patriarch was born in Duncan, Arizona on November 25, 1913. Edward was the youngest of four children of immigrants from Northern Italy.

In 1917, the family moved to San Marcos, where they farmed the land, raising grapes and other produce. After attending elementary school in the area, Ed Sr. attended Escondido High School and studied horticulture at UC Davis, where he graduated in 1938.

After graduation, he returned to help his mother with the San Marcos ranch, working at times at several jobs to help save the ranch in those harsh economic times. Then, in 1940, he married Oceanside native Josie Ann Dunn, with whom he had three children. During World War II, Ed Sr. enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army Air Corps, which later became the U.S. Air Force.

In 1952, Grangetto started the business by supplying crop oils and fertilizers to the growing North County agricultural community. Meanwhile he was still doing tractor work, taking care of his own grove and doing spraying work. The company recently celebrated 55 years in business.

Ed Grangetto Sr. served on the first San Marcos City Council. He was also honored as the San Diego County Farm Bureau's Farmer of the Year in 2001 and served as an officer of the Escondido Lemon Association and the Calavo Growers of California, and director of the Production Credit Association.

In retirement, he also enjoyed fishing, raising avocados and citrus, and traveling.

He will be missed by family, friends and a community he served for 93 years.

Manager's Corner - June 2007
String Trimmer Tips

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As spring rolls into summer most of us will be spending some quality time with our string trimmers clearing overgrown weeds. Here are a few tips to help you increase your machine’s longevity and productivity.

  • Fuel: Today’s high RPM, low emission engines require a higher quality fuel than the engines of a decade ago; you should always use 89 octane or higher. Always measure the quantity of fuel that goes into your mix; don’t just fill the can. A 1 gallon can will hold as much as 1 ½ gallons, significantly altering your fuel oil ratio.
  • Oil: Always use a high quality 2 cycle mix, preferably a name brand (Echo, Stihl, etc) that is designed for the mix ratio of your machine (generally either 40:1 or 50:1). At the high temperatures that newer engines run, the less expensive “multi mix” 2 cycle oil will burn too quickly, leaving your engine without lubrication.
  • Overheating: String Trimmers are air-cooled, which means that having the engine turn at the correct RPM is critical. Check air and fuel filters regularly; a partially plugged filter can cause a loss of RPM’s. Use the correct line size for your trimmer; most heavy duty models will take .095” or.105” maximum, lighter duty models can require even smaller line. Using too large a line size will overwork your engine. Slow down! Pushing the machine into tall weeds can “bog” down the engine. Don’t run the bump head on the ground; this causes extra drag on the engine (and wears out the bump head). If you wish to get extra close to the ground, pick the head straight up and tilt it to the side, allowing only the trimmer line to contact the ground.
  • trimmer Fresh Fuel: Most good quality 2-cycle oils contain a fuel stabilizer; still it is good practice to never keep fuel for more than 6 months. Another good practice is to empty the fuel tank on your sting trimmer, start it, and run it dry if you are not planning on using it for several weeks. This prevents the fuel from “turning” and gumming up the carburetor.

If you follow these tips, the “life” of your machine should be long and productive.

This Month's Specials

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Pest of the Month - Ants

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Ants are among the most prevalent pests in households. They are also found in restaurants, hospitals, offices, warehouses, and other buildings where they can find food and water. On outdoor (and sometimes indoor) plants, ants protect and care for honeydew-producing insects such as aphids, soft scales, whiteflies, and mealybugs, increasing damage from these pests. Ants also perform many useful functions in the environment, such as feeding on other pests (e.g., fleas, caterpillars, termites), dead insects, and decomposing tissue from dead animals.

To read more:
Identification
Key to identifying common household ants
Damage
Management

Ant Pro
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Pest News!

Pest on the Move!
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The California Department of Food and Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Agriculture have confirmed the detection of a single adult light brown apple moth in Napa. Agricultural officials have established a quarantine of approximately 182 square miles, including portions of Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, Marin and Santa Clara counties.

The quarantine is expected to expand soon due to more recent detections in Monterey, Santa Cruz and San Mateo counties.

The get the latest information on this pest go to http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/pdep/lbam_main.htm.

Lawn Care

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Picture provided by Michael Crews Development

Plant warm-season lawns and tall fescue this month. St. Augustine, Bermuda, and dichondra get off to a fast start when planted in May.  (Hold off until June to plant zoysia). Salt-tolerant Adalayd grass can also be planted this month. It's too late to plant most cool-season grasses from seed, but tall fescues can be planted from sod. (Note that tall fescues use much more water than Bermuda or zoysia.)

Lawns can be planted in several ways: sown from seeds, plugged in from flats, or rolled out from sod like an instant carpet. Bermuda, zoysia, and Adalayd can also be planted from stolons. Whichever method you use, be sure to prepare the ground properly. Before beginning, decide whether to plant a warm- or cool-season lawn and choose a variety appropriate for your lawn needs.

Select the best variety for you. When you research grass types be sure to consult with successful neighborhood gardeners and the University of California Cooperative Extension Office. Consider these factors: St. Augustine is better adapted to shade than other lawn grasses but needs a lot of water. Dichondra is best used as a design element in small areas only. If you live close to a Bermuda golf course it will seed itself eventually into any cool-season lawn, making it look ratty. To minimize this, plant a hybrid or selected strain of Bermuda for your own lawn in the first place. As mentioned before, don't plant such troublemakers as bentgrass or Kentucky bluegrass--they'll die in the first drought. Common Bermuda and Santa Ana hybrid Bermuda grass are the two most drought-resistant choices.

Fertilize lawns. Continue to feed warm-season grasses with Best Super Turf 25-5-5. This slow release nitrogen will give continuous feeding for up to twelve weeks.

No Little Pumpkin

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As we begin summer, it's a bit early to think about Halloween parties. But to be successful growing Halloween pumpkins, you need to plant NOW. The giant prize winning 500 pound monsters are usually started in late May. However, the normal run of the mill 3 to 30 pound beauties will do great at this time. You may also choose from hybrids grown for unusual colors such as white or pink.

You might want to consider those that are particularly tasty for pies or edible seeds. The petite ones are great for decorations for Halloween and Thanksgiving.

With all varieties, it is best to plant 3 to 5 seeds in a mound. Space the mounds 2' to 3' apart. The small-fruited varieties will grow well on a fence or trellis. The larger varieties need ground space. Keep evenly moist and feed every 2 weeks. As the plants grow, you can turn the runners back toward the stem to reduce the space requirement. As the pumpkin matures, place straw or cardboard under the fruit to help prevent rot and insect damage. Pick when the stems start to dry. Be sure to leave a 3" or longer stem for that perfect jack-o'-lantern top.

Insect Profile: Eugenia Psyllid

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By Tamara Galbraith

As its common name suggests, the eugenia psyllid, (Trioza eugeniae) attacks eugenia, aka Australian bush cherry, a common ornamental tree or shrub in California.

Throughout the year, the female psyllid lays her gold-colored eggs into the edges of the eugenia leaves. The emerging nymphs later feed on the plant's new growth, leaving unsightly pimple-like galls within the leaves and sticky honeydew as they chew their way through. As you can well imagine, the host plant becomes distorted and weakened from the damage. Complete defoliation can occur in really bad infestations.

Now, for a bit of history: The psyllid was first discovered in L. A. County in 1988 and quickly spread to other parts of California, both North and South (but not, apparently, to the Central Valley). In the early '90s, facing a quickly escalating eugenia psyllid problem, scientists got to work on finding a solution. As if the nasty honeydew and physical damage being done to the plants wasn't enough, there was no known natural enemy of the little beasts at the time.

Enter Tamarixia, a parasitic wasp with a taste for eugenia psyllid nymphs.

Bayer Tree and ShrubMass releases of the wasp in Southern California have shown great results. In North California, however, experts recommend well-timed pruning of affected eugenias in the spring, with the trimmings left on the ground for a couple of weeks to allow the Tamarixia to do their thing. By following this method, you are essentially taking food out of the psyllid's mouth.

As for identification, adult eugenia psyllids are mostly dark brown with a white band around the abdomen. A yellow sticky-trap hung by your plants is a good way to capture suspected pests and see what you're dealing with. Be careful about spraying anything, though, as you could also end up killing the Tamarixia. Remember, the least toxic method is always best.

Earthbox

EarthboxFERTILIZER BAND
POTTING MIX
AERATION SCREEN
WATER RESERVOIR
OPTIONAL STAKING SYSTEM
MULCH COVER
PORTABLE, REUSABLE, UV PROTECTED
OVERFLOW HOLE

Click on the features for more information.

Earthbox

Gradient System
Acting on the laws of nature, the EarthBox facilitates the movement of nutrients from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration. When the EarthBox is set up, the fertilizer stripe is placed on top of the potting mix--creating an area of high nutrient concentration. At this time, the potting mix around the roots of the growing plant has no fertilizer. When water is added, the moist potting mix slowly conducts the diluted nutrients down the concentration gradient to the plant roots, which absorb optimal amounts of nutrients at any given time.

Water and Fertilizer Conservation
The EarthBox's plastic cover drastically reduces the water evaporation rate and returns condensed water vapor to the potting mix. As the plants draw water from the reservoir, they consume only what they need to stay healthy. Plants cannot be over-watered or under-watered if the reservoir is kept full. The plastic cover also prevents fertilizer from being diluted or washed away by rain.

Earth BoxIn addition...

  • Years of research have yielded the optimal number and arrangement of each type of vegetable, fruit, herb or flower for healthy growing.
  • Casters enable home gardeners to (1) move the EarthBox outside during the day and inside at night - extending the growing season by planting earlier and harvesting later and (2) move the EarthBox ® around the patio or deck to increase or decrease the amount of time spent in the sun.
  • Plastic inhibits the growth of disease-causing mold, as well as the invasion of plant-eating pests.

 

 

Visit your local Grangetto's retailer to see a live display!

Earth Box Coupon
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Canna

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By Tamara Galbraith

Looking to add a bit of tall, tropical flavor to your landscape? Consider cannas.

These willowy beauties will add both height and drama to your garden. The reds, yellows, oranges and pinks of the floppy flowers are occasionally rivaled by startlingly gorgeous banana-like foliage that comes in wild stripes, deep burgundies or creamy variations.

Feel free to plant cannas in the ground or in a large container, as they do well in either culture. (There are also aquatic cannas that, as the name suggests, prefer boggy pond conditions.)

No matter what type of canna you favor, moisture is a big factor, as is soil fertility. Keep them well-watered. If they're planted in the ground, feed monthly with a 5-10-5 fertilizer. If you're keeping your cannas in pots, use a the same fertilizer at about half-strength and feed weekly.

Sun and heat are also must-haves for cannas - remember, these are tropical plants, so the more you can create a Florida-like atmosphere, the better.

In our area you won't have to remove your canna bulbs from the ground each season. In fact, if you do plant the bulbs in the ground and leave them, prepare to watch them spread all over the place!

Given the right conditions, cannas provide tall, supermodel looks - gorgeous hot colors on tall, curvy foliage - with only a fraction of the high-maintenance attitude.

Tomato Hornworms

Tomato HornwormTomato hornworms are the larvae of a large sphinx moth that is about the size of a hummingbird. In spring the moth lays eggs on the underside of tomato leaves, and the hornworm is quite small when it first emerges. However, they are big eaters (of tomato leaves) and grow up quickly. Usually, you won’t even discover this fellow until it is large–about 2 inches long and fat! They are quite distinctive, actually handsome with their diagonal white stripes and horns on the rear.

Don’t be afraid of the hornworms. They look more frightening than they are. They don’t bite or sting, just try to look big and ferocious. You can easily handpick to remove from your tomato plant and just throw them away. When they are younger, smaller, use Bt (bacillus thuringiensis) as an effective management technique.

Green Light SpinosadSome gardeners have a different approach to the tomato hornworm. While handpicking a hornworm, look to see if you find little white cocoons attached to its back. If you do see this, that cocoon is a pupating braconid wasp, which is a garden friend predator. Capture the hornworm and keep it or all of them in a container, feeding them tomato leaves. You are creating a nursery for the braconid wasps that can be released into your garden! These wasps will also control the hornworm population.

Other natural predators are birds and the larvae of the green lacewing. Plant your gardens to create an inviting habitat for all of these natural predators, and you’ll control this voracious eater of your tomato leaves. Luckily, they don’t eat the tomato!

June Is The Time To:

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  1. Continue to plant melons
  2. Plant tropical and subtropical plants
  3. Plant bougainvilleas
  4. Plant perennial morning glories
  5. Purchase fuchsias
  6. Continue to purchase epiphyllums
  7. Plant seeds of heat-loving annuals
  8. Use bedding plants for quick color
  9. Continue to plant summer vegetables
  10. Plant zoysia grass
  11. Plant exotic vegetables
  12. Purchase, plant and transplant succulents including cacti and euphorbias
  13. Purchase alstromerias throughout summer while they are in bloom
  14. Plant papayas and bananas
  15. Plant and transplant palms
  16. Continue to pick and deadhead roses
  17. Pinch back chrysanthemums to make them bushy
  18. Divide and repot cymbidiums that have outgrown their containers
  19. Remove berries (seed pods) from fuchsias after flowers fall
  20. Prune epiphyllums
  21. Thin out deciduous fruit trees after June drop
  22. Give marguerites a "butch" haircut
  23. Cut back gamolepis and euryops
  24. Deadhead and pick summer flowers to keep them going
  25. Mow cool-season lawns longer
  26. Mow warm-season grasses short
  27. Clip runners off strawberries
  28. Prune climbing roses that bloom once a year in spring, but wait until flowers fade
  29. Divide English primroses after bloom or wait until September
  30. Continue to prune and train espaliers
  31. Continue to remove spent bloom stems from daylilies and to propagate the types that make proliferates
  32. Deadhead alstromerias often by pulling off the stalks with a sharp tug
  33. Look for yellow leaves and green veins indicating chlorosis in citrus, gardenias, azaleas, and others; treat it with chelated iron
  34. Feed citrus and avocado trees
  35. Feed bamboo with a slow-release fertilizer
  36. Feed water lilies
  37. Fertilize cymbidiums with high nitrogen for growth
  38. Give camellias their second feeding for the year
  39. Feed container-grown annuals and perennials with a complete fertilizer
  40. Side-dress vegetable rows if you didn't do it last month
  41. Give strawberries a shot of 0-10-10 to elongate the harvest
  42. If peppers look yellow despite adequate nitrogen, spray them with Epsom salts

Grangetto's Horticultural Seminar & Trade Show

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Fallbrook Store helps out the Fallbrook Community

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Debbie Ramsey
Managing Editor

More than 5,440 members and volunteers of North Coast Church said they were “leaving the building” on April 28 and 29 for a weekend of community service. They weren’t kidding. Dispatched to 92 service projects at 54 sites throughout six communities in North San Diego County, this dynamic group of Christians showed just what volunteerism can do.

“We had well over 500 volunteers working on Fallbrook projects,” said Larry Van Laar, pastor of North Coast’s Fallbrook campus. “This is the largest single weekend event we have ever done, but it pales in comparison to what we do throughout the year.” The balance of the volunteers was spread amongst projects in Carlsbad, Escondido, San Marcos, Oceanside and Vista.

The selected projects were nominated by members of the community after seeing advertisements the church ran in the Fallbrook/Bonsall Village News and other media.

“Forty-seven projects were nominated and we were able to accept seven in Fallbrook,” Van Laar said. One of the seven projects was a significant renovation and enhancement of the REINS Therapeutic Horsemanship Program facility on South Mission Road.

At REINS, the North Coast Church volunteers painted the entire exterior of one of the caretaker’s homes, rebuilt the inside of one building, installed a new ceiling and constructed a new bathroom area with vanity and shower.

“We also rebuilt a tack shed, rebuilt a shade cover for horses and repainted and replaced fencing for all the corrals,” Van Laar confirmed. “We planted thousands of plants and did other landscaping work, redid irrigation, removed trees, installed new topsoil and rock surfaces and removed trash.”

“The REINS director was absolutely blown away and almost in tears," Van Laar said. "We were providing stuff they would have never been able to accomplish. If someone were to pay for everything we did there, it would have come to about $80,000. With all help and donations, we did it for about $3,500.”

Other projects included four mini home makeovers – one was for a military family, one for a volunteer fireman, one for a single mom and the last one for a community volunteer. In addition, the group performed numerous tasks at the Mentoring Associates facility on Alturas Road and the Fallbrook Food Pantry on South Mission Road. They also offered a car wash and barbecue near Fallbrook High School that provided free car washes, hot dogs and hamburgers to some 200 people.

While North Coast’s weekend of service was a phenomenal effort, as Van Laar indicated, this church has a consistent history of serving.

“Throughout the year we do renovation and landscaping projects at local public schools, community centers and homeless shelters,” he said. “We have 12 ‘growth groups’ in Fallbrook and each group is required to do at least one service project each quarter throughout the year; that’s 36 projects a year. We let them dive in where their hearts lead them.”

The size and scope of the seven projects performed in Fallbrook on one weekend alone was daunting, but these volunteers came through in a big way.

“We got everything accomplished that we set out to do, and then some,” said Van Laar. “Not only did people show up to work but many went out, bought stuff that was needed and installed it. People were out there to serve their Lord, not just do a good deed.”

“We are excited that as a body of believers, young and old alike, we can make a huge impact on our community,” said Casey Yorman, community service pastor. “[We want] the community and our entire congregation to understand that serving in God’s name is an important part of what it means to worship God. We also think it’s the most powerful way to teach our congregation that worship is not just about gathering together to sing songs and study the Bible.”

Fallbrook sponsors for the projects included Pine Tree Lumber, Grangetto’s Farm & Garden Supply, Fallbrook Equipment Rental, Joe’s Hardware, Nixon Electric, Dunn-Edwards Paint, Davey Tree Service, EDCO/Waste Management and Arc Technologies.

Editor’s Note: The Fallbrook branch of North Coast Church meets every Sunday at the Bob Burton Performing Arts Center on the Fallbrook High School campus.

Barley Straw

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Am Sod

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Recipe of the Month: Peanut Butter Oat Bars

Chef Mr. Grecipe image

What You'll Need:

  • 2/3 cup butter or margarine, melted
  • 1/4 cup peanut butter
  • 1 cup packed brown sugar
  • 1/4 cup light corn syrup
  • 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 4 cups quick-cooking oats
  • TOPPING:
  • 1 cup milk chocolate chips
  • 1/2 cup butterscotch chips
  • 1/3 cup peanut butter

Step by Step:

In a mixing bowl, combine the butter, peanut butter, brown sugar, corn syrup and vanilla; gradually add the oats.

Press into a greased 13 x 9 x 2-inch baking pan.
Bake at 400ºF for 12-14 minutes or until edges are brown.

Cool on a wire rack for 5 minutes.

Meanwhile, for topping, melt all chips and peanut butter in a microwave or saucepan.

Stir until blended; spread over warm bar mixture.
Cool completely; refrigerate for 2-3 hours before cutting.

Yield: 4 dozen bars

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