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Edition 7.44
EXTRA, EXTRA, READ ALL ABOUT IT!
November 2007
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San Diego County Water Authority

Water Management Conservation Program Overview

Be Water Wise

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Be Water Wise with the Nifty 50!
50 drought tolerant plants native to Southern California

California Water Crisis

California's Water Crisis:
A Public Education Program

Fresh Produce

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All About Turkeys

All About Turkeys

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November

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Watch out for snails & slugs in your garden. Use Monterey Sluggo, Corry’s Snail & Slug Meal or Pellets, or Ortho Bug-Geta Snail & Slug Killer as a method to control these garden nuisances. For a natural method of control use Copper Banding.

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Encinitas, CA 92024

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Fertilizers:Turf Royal 21-7-14

Seed:
Grangettos Grass Seed

Soil Amendments / Mulches: John and Bob's Soil OptimizerKellogg's Topper Soil Building Compost Sunshine Pro Premium Potting Soil
Landscape/Garden Tools: Felco #2 Pruner


Pest Control: Amaze Weed Killer
Bayer All in One Rose and Flower Care Greenlight Spinosad Roundup Pro Roundup Quick Pro


Drainage Supplies: NDS valve box
Drain Grate
Pipe
Erosion Control and Rain Gear: Straw Wattle
Tarp
Rain Boots
Rain Suit

THANK YOU!

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Thanks for taking the time to read the Grangetto's Garden Newsletter. If at any time there is a topic that you would like to see in the next newsletter or you have a gardening tip you would like to share, please feel free to email us.



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quote of the week

Quotation of the Month:

"God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools."   ~John Muir

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We will be returning to Standard Time on November 4th. Remember to set your clocks back one hour Sunday the 4th, at 2 am. Or set them early and enjoy that extra hour of sleep!

Smoke detector batteries should be changed yearly; the change to Standard Time is also a great time to change the batteries in your smoke detectors. Properly functioning smoke detectors save thousands of lives every year.

Manager's Corner - November 2007

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Our thoughts and prayers go out to all the families that have lost so much in the recent wildfires. All of San Diego County has been affected to some extent by this cataclysm. All of the Grangetto's locations were affected, and many Grangetto's employees were evacuated, as well as the Grangetto family.

 

San Diego faces many challenges ahead, some of which are evident, such as clean up and rebuilding. Some may not be so evident, such as the tremendous potential for erosion of burned areas ,especially with the winter months just ahead.

 

At Grangetto's we are here to help in whatever way we can. In addition to a full line of agricultural and landscape irrigation, power and hand tools, seed and soil amendments we also offer a line of erosion control products. This includes straw wattles, straw mats, jute netting, and silt fence. We also offer wildfire seed mix #3 formulated especially for burned areas.

 

For more, helpful information, visit the Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Roberts Irrigation HoseErosion Control

Roberts Irrigation Hose / Erosion Control

 

 

This Month's Specials

 

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New Statewide Effort To Educate Public On Water Crisis

 

Water Crisis

 

Water managers and environmental experts recognize that California’s statewide water system is in crisis. But despite intense media coverage and focus by the governor and legislators, the public remains unaware of the state’s water problems. That’s why the Association of California Water Agencies, a coalition of 450 public water agencies, has launched a statewide public education program, "California's Water: A Crisis We Can't Ignore." This multi-faceted program will inform Californians about critical challenges now confronting the state’s water supply and delivery system.

Read entire article.

 


Be Water Wise

Be Water Wise

Currently, about 85 percent of San Diego’s water supply is imported, either from the Colorado River through the Colorado River Aqueduct, or from the Sacramento River-San Joaquin River Delta (Bay-Delta) through the State Water Project. The remainder comes from local supplies. However, dry weather conditions and other challenges are impacting all three sources.

Here are some Irrigation Water Conservation Tips

The Forgotten Shrubs

 

Forgotten Shrubs

Every year brings with it new challenges to our landscapes.  Water has not been plentiful; and the outlook for 2008 does not look any better.  Therefore it is important to use landscape plants that will conserve water.  One group of plants that are evergreen and will conserve water when established is the Junipers. 

Junipers are coniferous plants with fleshy, berrylike cones.  Foliage is needlelike, scale-like or both.  Junipers can be groundcovers, scrubs or tall trees. They are tough and drought resistant.  Junipers succeed in every soil type.

Pests to watch for are Spider Mites, Aphids and Twig Borers. 

Click here for Varieties of Junipers from Monrovia

 

Am Sod

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Pruning in November: Preventing Storm Damage


Late fall and winter weather often brings a natural cleanup, but unless you prepare for it, it can also cause damage. Open up spaces in dense trees. Allow the wind to pass through — a full tree with no gaps in it acts like a sail on a mast. A strong wind may capsize it, especially if the ground is wet. Remove dead and weak branches.

 

Make sure young trees are well staked. Tie them loosely, so they can move back and forth in the wind without being toppled. Trees need to flex in wind in order to develop strong trunks. When using wire for tying, run it through a section of old hose so it doesn't damage bark. Check all staked trees now to make sure no wires are restrictive. Once trees have become well rooted, remove the stakes and wires, so bark doesn't grow over them.

 

Prune top-heavy shrubs:
Cut back top-heavy shrubs, such as acacia. Where it is necessary, remove whole branches to allow the wind to pass through. Head back young shrubs to force branching and strengthen their trunks.

 

Prune cane berry plants:
Prune selected cane berry plants, including blackberry, boysenberry, loganberry, and spring-bearing raspberry. Cut the old canes down to the ground, leaving new ones that grew this year. On fall-bearing raspberry plants (which only grow well in the mountains) cut off the top of the cane that has borne fruit. Leave the bottom of the cane to fruit in spring.

For those in warm areas — don't prune the canes of subtropical (low-chill) raspberries, like Oregon 1030, San Diego, Baba Berry, and Fallgold. These are the only kinds of raspberry to grow in warm climate zones, and all of them produce their best berries on new wood. Wait until December or January, then prune these by cutting them nearly to the ground. Dig up the suckers to make new rows.

More pruning tips here.

 

 

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Warm and Fuzzy

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By Tamara Galbraith

Let's see: a virtually carefree plant that needs little water, has beautiful foliage and long spikes of gorgeous purple and white furry flower spikes that bloom in the fall and bring the hummingbirds and butterflies out in droves? Where do I sign up?

At the Salvia leucantha fan club! Better known as Mexican bush sage, this shrubby perennial will bring years of enjoyment and color to your fall landscape.

Blooming from mid- to late summer until frost, this unique salvia will generally die back to the ground, but return in the spring. In warmer climates, it may even stay evergreen; if so, cut the plant back to about one foot high in the fall after bloom is finished to keep it in check.

As its common name suggests, Mexican bush sage loves dry, hot conditions, so don't pamper it with lots of water and/or fertilizers. Well-drained soil is a must, and alkaline soil is preferred.

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Poinsettias are a wonderful worldwide holiday tradition. In fact, next to a Christmas tree, nothing else says Christmas quite like poinsettias. Displayed alone or in groups, they can add a festive splash of color to every décor. From a centerpiece on a holiday table to a miniature plant decorating the corner of an office desk, to a colorful hanging basket that can brighten any room, the poinsettia is the perfect holiday gift.

So how did poinsettias become so popular at Christmas--and where do they come from? According to Mexican legend, a poor Mexican girl named Pepita who could not afford a gift to offer to Christ on Christmas Eve picked some weeds from the side of a road. The child was told that a humble gift, even if given in love, would be acceptable in God's eyes. When she brought the weeds into the church and laid them at the feet of the Christ child, they bloomed into red and green flowers and the congregation felt they had witnessed a Christmas miracle.

 

Poinsettias are native to the tropical forest at moderate elevations along the Pacific coast of Mexico and some parts of Guatemala. They are named after Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States Ambassador to Mexico, who introduced the plant in the U.S. in 1825.

 

Poinsettias have come a long way from their humble beginnings. For years only variations of red flowers were propagated and grown. But now there are hundreds of color varieties available ranging from traditional shades of red, pink and white to burgundy, peach, striped, flecked and hand-dyed varieties.

 

Poinsettias are fairly easy-going, and with proper care can last long past the holiday season. Just click on the link below for a complete care guide including tips for re-blooming the following season.

 

We have an outstanding selection of poinsettias in every color including a number of new varieties. The sooner you purchase your poinsettias the sooner you and your friends will be able to enjoy the unique holiday beauty that only they can provide. So hurry in and pick some up today while supplies last!

 

Check out our Poinsettia Care Guide (click here).

2007 Holiday Ad

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Making Your Holiday Cactus Bloom

Holiday cacti are not hard to take care of, if you remember not to overwater them; getting them to bloom on time is a bit more complex.

Here's how to do it:
In order for these plants to form flower buds for holiday blooms, they need extended darkness for at least four weeks.

Place the plant in a dark room or keep it covered (under a box or bag works fine) for at least 12 hours a day.

When buds appear (it usually takes around four weeks), the darkening schedule can stop.

As the buds get larger, move the plant gradually to where it will be displayed for the holiday, avoiding extreme temperature or lighting changes.

Continue to water and feed while the plant is budding and blooming. Water only when the soil is completely dry--these plants do not like soggy roots.

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The All-America Rose Selection committee is a non-profit association of rose growers and introducers dedicated to the introduction and promotion of exceptional roses. AARS operates a nationwide network of 20 official test gardens located throughout the country which represent all climate zones in the U.S.

 

New rose varieties in the AARS trials are grown and monitored for two years, receiving only as much care as would be given in the average home garden. This sophisticated evaluation process results in a new crop of AARS winning roses each year, guaranteeing that only the best make it into your garden. The winners for 2008 are 'Dream Come True' and 'Mardi Gras.'

 

'Dream Come True' is a stunning grandiflora with catchy colors that will lure the likes of even non-rose lovers to its side. This rose produces flawlessly formed yellow blossoms, blushed with ruby-red at the tips, all set among abundant matte-green foliage. The big, bushy vigorous plant yields long-stemmed, long-lived blooms with mild tea fragrance, making it lovely in the landscape and a great choice for bouquets.

 

'Mardi Gras' creates a festive atmosphere with flamboyant blooms in a novel blend of pink, orange, and yellow, and a delightful peppery scent. Each high-centered hybrid tea-style bloom on this floribunda begins as an apricot-orange bud that slowly spirals open to reveal a 4-inch bright pink and orange bloom with a yellow base. The colorful blooms are perfectly framed on an upright, columnar-branched plant with dark green, semi-glossy foliage.

Wishing You and Yours a Very

Happy Thanksgiving

Some Fun Thanksgiving Facts for You:

  • The Pilgrims' first Thanksgiving feast, in 1621, lasted three days.
  • On October 3, 1863 Abraham Lincoln issued a "Thanksgiving Proclamation" that made the last Thursday in November a national holiday.
  • In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed Thanksgiving to the third Thursday in November, in order to make the Christmas shopping season longer and thus stimulate the economy. Two years later, he changed it to the fourth Thursday.
  • In 1941, Thanksgiving was finally sanctioned by Congress as a legal holiday, on the fourth Thursday in November.
  • There were no mashed potatoes at the first Thanksgiving dinner - potatoes were brought here later, by Irish immigrants.
  • Turkeys were one of the first animals in the Americas to be domesticated.
  • Benjamin Franklin thought the turkey a noble bird and wanted it to be the national bird of America, rather than the eagle!
  • Native Americans used the red juice of the cranberry to dye rugs and blankets.
  • Thanksgiving in Canada is celebrated on the second Monday in October.
  • The pilgrims didn't use forks, they used spoons, knives and their fingers, so if anyone objects to your picking up that drumstick - tell them you are practicing traditional American table manners!

 

Happy Thanksgiving

November Is the Time To...

  1. Transplant landscape trees and shrubs.
  2. Plant a basket of narcissus for holiday bloom.
  3. Protect built-in sprinkler systems: drain the system, insulate the valve mechanisms.
  4. Tie limbs of upright evergreens to prevent breakage by snow or ice.
  5. Open up spaces in dense trees to allow wind to pass through.
  6. Rake and destroy leaves from fruit trees that were diseased this year. Remove mummified fruit.
  7. Prune acacias.
  8. Prune cane berries other than low-chill raspberries.
  9. Cut back chrysanthemums after bloom; clean up the ground.
  10. Plant window garden of lettuce, chives, parsley.
  11. Plant shrubs and trees that supply winter food and shelter to birds.
  12. Water bulbs, especially potted ones.
  13. Bait flower beds for cutworms, slugs and snails.
  14. Stake young trees loosely so they can develop strong trunks.
  15. Wrap the trunks of young trees with an insulating material to protect them from cold.
  16. Mulch, mulch, and mulch some more.

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Forcing bulbs to bloom inside the house is a wonderful, easy way to get through the cold gray days of winter while adding fragrance and color to your life indoors. If you plan ahead, you can have red tulips for Christmas Day, pink and white hyacinths on Valentine's Day, and the fragrance of springtime in your home all winter long.

The term forcing refers to inducing a plant to produce its shoots, leaves or flowers ahead of its natural schedule and out of its natural environment. To force bulbs, you need to mimic and compress the process the plant would undergo outdoors naturally in the garden.

Small-sized bulbs, such as snowdrops, scilla, muscari, chionodoxa, and crocus can be forced just as easily as larger bulbs such as daffodils, tulips, and hyacinth. Early blooming varieties are better suited for forcing than others. It's also important to select varieties that don't grow too tall.

Narcissus (paper whites) hyacinths, amaryllis, and lily of the valley will grow indoors in water. You can use a bulb vase or a shallow dish filled with clean pebbles or marbles to stabilize the roots and to support the bulbs above the water. Just wedge the bulbs among the pebbles, close to each other but not touching, and cover the pebbles with water. Allow air space between the top of the water and the bottom of the bulb to prevent rot.

Sunshine Potting SoilFor other bulbs, half fill a shallow container with Sunshine Premium Potting Soil. Fill this layer, small end up, with as many bulbs as will fit in your pot without touching each other. Then add more soil between until they are completely covered. With hyacinths, amaryllis, and narcissus, allow the necks to protrude slightly.

After planting, place the pots in a cool, dark place, such as a cellar, garage or refrigerator to initiate root and shoot growth. If necessary, set boxes, pots or black garbage bags over your potted bulbs to keep them dark during the cooling period. Keep the soil moist through the rooting and cooling period. After five or six weeks, the roots and growth should emerge.

Then move the bulbs to a cool location indoors. The bulbs should be placed in indirect lighting and should not be allowed to dry out. Forcing will take about 12 weeks for the early blooming bulbs (snowdrop, crocus, and daffodil) and about 16 weeks for tulips.

Schultz Plant Food Feed weekly with a half-strength solution of a good houseplant fertilizer, such as Schultz Plant Food. Turn the pots every couple of days to help the flower stems grow straight and strong. When the foliage and buds are well developed, move the pots to a bright, sunny window in the house. Once the flowers begin to open, take the plants out of direct sunlight to prolong the bloom. Then sit back and enjoy the early breath of spring indoors!

Fragrant Freesias

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By Tamara Galbraith

Gardeners on the Gulf and West Coasts are lucky - their climate is perfect for a particularly fragrant, dainty flower called freesia which, when planted in the garden, can start blooming in February!

A popular addition to cut flower arrangements, freesias can be planted in mid-November wherever winters are mild. Plant the corms on the south or east side of your landscape. It's also a good idea to snuggle them under the edges of overhanging shrubs, which will serve to protect freesia's emerging leaves from any unexpected winter harshness.

A South African native, freesias resemble orchids in plant structure - their foliage is strappy and about a foot high, and the flower stalks often grow upward, then shoot sideways, topping out at about 18". These gorgeous plants continue to bloom through the end of March.

Freesias do best in consistently -- but not soggy moisture -- throughout the spring; however, keep them on the dry side in summer. Look for corms of freesia leichtlinii, the original and most fragrant Freesia species, or the all-white freesia alba.

Recipe of the Month: Pumpkin Soup

Chef Mr. G

What You'll Need:

  • 1 tablespoon butter
  • 1 cup chopped onion
  • 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon curry powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 2 garlic cloves, crushed
  • 1 cup sweet potato, peeled & cut in 1/2-inch cubes
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 2 cans (14-1/2 ounce) chicken broth
  • 1 can (15 ounce) pumpkin
  • 1 cup low-fat milk
  • 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice

Step by Step:

  • Melt butter in a Dutch oven over medium-high heat.
  • Add onion, saute 3 minutes.
  • Stir in flour, curry powder, cumin, nutmeg and garlic; saute for 1 minute.
  • Add sweet potato, salt, broth and pumpkin, bring to a boil.
  • Reduce heat; simmer partially covered for 20 minutes or until potato is tender, stirring occasionally. Remove from heat; cool for 10 minutes.
  • Place half of pumpkin mixture in a blender or food processor; process until smooth.
  • Pour pureed soup into a large bowl. Repeat procedure with remaining pumpkin mixture.
  • Return soup to pan; stir in milk.
  • Cook over medium heat for 6 minutes or until thoroughly heated, stirring often (do not boil).
  • Remove from heat; stir in lime juice.

Yield: 6 servings.

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THANKS FOR TAKING THE TIME TO READ OUR NEWSLETTER

Mr. G

'See you next month!'
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